Vol. 27, No. 4 (Winter
Political Correctness and the Ideological
Struggle: From Lenin and Mao to Marcuse and Foucault
The first use of the term political correctness can be traced
to the period between 1895-1921 when Lenin was trying to achieve
two goals: first, to secure ascendancy over his revolutionary
peers; and second, after 1917, to consolidate the party's control
over the new Soviet state. This article explores the Leninist
origins of political correctness and its evolution since 1917.
The author analyses the exceptional importance of "correctness"
in the Maoist variant and, subsequently, through Maoism, its
influence on the New Left and the contemporary manifestation
of political correctness which emerged as a public issue in
the West at the end of the 1980s.