Vol. 39, No. 2 (Summer 2014)
pp. 186 –218
Economic, Social and Political Globalization and Terrorism
Brenda J. Lutz
James M. Lutz
Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Globalization and modernization have been linked with outbreaks of terrorism as groups disadvantaged by a changing world react in violence. An analysis of linkages between globalization and terrorism, based on two global databases, indicates that countries more affected by global impacts suffered from more terrorism in the 1970s and 1980s. In later decades, the relationships became more complex and more difficult to interpret. There is a possibility that there was a threshold effect that was in operation. This article will note the correlations, both positive and negative, between globalization and terrorism, and will discuss how causal forces were likely to have produced the correlations. Particular emphasis is placed on sub-Saharan Africa.