Vol. 41, No. 1 (Spring 2016)
Underdevelopment in Africa: Theories and Facts
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo
Ekiti State University, Nigeria
This paper contends that while the history of Africa’s underdevelopment is often traced to the Atlantic and Arab slave trade and to colonial rule, African leaders have been heavily responsible the continent’s underdevelopment and backwardness. It concludes that irresponsible and irresponsive leadership, vampirism and prodigality, corruption, lack of respect for democratic ideals, insecurity and endemic civil wars — which are not legacies of the slave trade — are the fundamental causes of Africa’s underdevelopment.